The over-representation of Indigenous people in prison has reached an all-time high. In the late 1990s, Jamie Tanis Gladue pleaded guilty to fatally stabbing her boyfriend, and she was sentenced to three years in jail. After the judge refused to consider her ancestry, her case was appealed all the way to the Supreme Court. Although her appeal was dismissed, the court agreed the judge was wrong to not take her history in account as an Indigenous person. The Gladue ruling was an important step toward reducing Indigenous incarceration and encouraging restorative justice approaches.